How to piss off someone from West Virginia

1. Immediately ask us how close we are to Richmond, or tell us you have friends that live in Richmond.

Fun Fact: West Virginia seceded from Virginia in 1863 to fight with the North in the Civil War. We are, indeed, a separate state, and have been for 152 years. This means we probably live several hours away from your Richmond friend. If you have asked someone this question, please consult a map and a history book.

2. Ask us if we’re married to our cousins, wear shoes, have indoor plumbing, and all of our teeth.

And then giggle because your joke is the funniest. Your joke is also lame and overdone. Let’s get more creative next time.

3. Comment that we don’t sound like we’re from West Virginia.

Please. Enlighten us. What does a West Virginian sound like?

4. You don’t know what the flying WV is.

Come on guys! This one’s iconic. Even Leonardo DiCaprio knows the flying WV!

5. Create a near standstill on I-79 because you can’t handle the windy roads.

As much as we love the view of the lush Appalachian Mountains while we crawl behind your car around the curves, the line you’re creating behind you is absurd. We’re betting your license plate doesn’t say “Wild and Wonderful.”

6. Assume we all personally know Jesco White.

The Tap Dancing Outlaw and his comrades aren’t quintessential West Virginia — neither are their drug addictions. We don’t become aroused by hearing shaking pill bottles. We don’t huff gasoline. And we don’t all live in hollers.

7. Insist Michael Jordan is the NBA logo.

You’re wrong. Jerry West, former Mountaineer and Lakers legend, is the iconic inspiration for the NBA logo.

8. Cheer for Pitt.

The Backyard Brawl may not be a thing anymore, but it is far from forgotten. Knowing that it could return any season now gives us even more reason to tell Pitt fans what they can eat.

9. Buy us a bottle of moonshine from the store and try to pass it off as “real.”

We know it’s not real as soon as we see there’s a label. Moonshine is drunk from a mason jar, usually gifted to us by a family member for some reason, and it should send razors down our throats when we take a sip… Don’t worry. We’re used to it.

10. Refuse to stop and sing Country Roads from the top of your lungs when it plays.

You’re going to look dumb sitting in the corner by yourself looking bored when everyone else is embracing in song. The ballad unites West Virginians everywhere, whether we’re celebrating in blue and gold at Mario’s Fishbowl or rejoicing from a dive bar in Chile (still in blue and gold). Take me home / to the place / I belong…

11. Tell your history class that “Unindustrialized Russia is like current day West Virginia.”

“The streets are unpaved, but it doesn’t matter because no one owns cars. There are starving children on the side of the road…” This was about the time I had to shut down my college history professor: “Um. I’m from there. My parents have two cars. I’ve never seen a starving child on the side of the road, and we have paved highways.” He was really embarrassed and ended class afterwards. I sat in the first row in my WVU sweatshirt the rest of the semester. Lesson learned.

Coronavirus In West Virginia: Governor Orders Quarantine For Virus Hotspot Travelers Or Risk Criminal Charges

CHARLESTON, W.Va. (AP) — People traveling to West Virginia from coronavirus hotspots must quarantine for two weeks upon arrival or risk criminal charges, Gov. Jim Justice ordered Monday.

The executive order from Justice, a Republican, mandates that people entering the state from New York, New Jersey, Louisiana, Connecticut, Italy or China must self-isolate and will face up to a year in jail on an obstruction charge if they do not comply. State police will monitor roads for travelers from areas hard-hit by the virus and “check in” on people who don’t follow the order, Justice said.

“First of all, we don’t want anybody coming here from across state lines,” said Justice, making an exception for essential business services.

The move echoes similar orders by governors in Rhode Island, Texas, Florida, Maryland and South Carolina, at least one of which triggered Constitutional concerns over whether it is legal to pull someone over based on the origin state of his or her license plate.

Justice and General Counsel Brian Abraham did not answer a question from The Associated Press on the constitutionality of the governor’s order at the news briefing on Monday.

Joseph Cohen, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of West Virginia, said the order is overly broad, vague and raises Constitutional concerns.

“From a real practical standpoint it’s hard to imagine how they would enforce this order without violating the Fourth Amendment,” he said, referring to the amendment that prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures.

The directive allows for people who are under the ordered quarantine to leave to get food or medical attention. It doesn’t apply to people traveling into West Virginia for work, health, emergency or essential business purposes.

The order also closes state park campgrounds in an effort to curb out-of-state visitors.

At least 145 people in West Virginia have tested positive for the virus, according to state health officials who say there have been 3,682 negative tests. The state reported its first coronavirus fatality on Sunday with the death of an 88-year-old Marion County woman.

West Virginia was the last U.S. state to report a confirmed case, though Justice attributed that to a lack of testing. Testing remains limited, meaning most people now spreading the highly contagious virus may not know they have been infected, and state health officials have admitted their count lags behind the actual total as results pour in from counties around the state.

The Republican governor has warned that the virus could cause severe damage in a state where about 20% of the population is 65 or older and many have existing health problems. A recent Kaiser Family Foundation study found that West Virginia has the nation’s highest percentage of adults at risk of developing serious illnesses from the virus.

A statewide stay-home order that directed all nonessential businesses to close went into effect last week, intensifying previous moves by Justice, who has ordered the closure of bars, restaurants, casinos, gyms, health clubs, recreation centers, barbershops, nail salons and hair salons. Schools statewide are closed until at least April 20.

For most people, the new coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough that clear up in two to three weeks, and the overwhelming majority of people recover. But severe cases can need respirators to survive, and with infections spreading exponentially, hospitals across the country are either bracing for a coming wave of patients, or already struggling to keep up.
(Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.)

The Wilderness Road

George Caleb Bingham / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain

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George Caleb Bingham / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain

The Wilderness Road was a path westward to Kentucky established by Daniel Boone and followed by thousands of settlers in the late 1700s and early 1800s. At its beginning, in the early 1770s, it was a road in name only.

Boone and the frontiersmen he supervised managed to link together a route comprising old Indigenous peoples' pathways and trails used for centuries by herds of buffalo. Over time, it was improved and widened to accommodate the wagons and travelers.

The Wilderness Road passed through the Cumberland Gap, a natural opening in the Appalachian mountain range, and became one of the main routes westward. It was in operation decades before other routes to the frontier, such as the National Road and the Erie Canal.

Though Daniel Boone's name has always been associated with the Wilderness Road, he was actually acting in the employ of a land speculator, Judge Richard Henderson. Recognizing the value of vast tracts of land in Kentucky, Henderson had formed the Transylvania Company. The purpose of the business enterprise was to settle thousands of emigrants from the East Coast to the fertile farmlands of Kentucky.

Henderson faced several obstacles, including the aggressive hostility of the Indigenous tribes who were becoming increasingly suspicious of white encroachment on their traditional hunting lands.

And a nagging problem was the shaky legal foundation of the entire endeavor. Legal problems with land ownership thwarted even Daniel Boone, who became embittered and left Kentucky by the end of the 1700s. But his work on the Wilderness Road in the 1770s stands as a remarkable achievement that made westward expansion of the United States possible.

New Mexico to South Carolina

New Mexico

Santa Fe, New Mexico, November 2014. (Photo by Clint Henderson/The Points Guy)

Quarantine required: None, as of Feb. 11, 2021. Out-of-state visitors had been required to self-quarantine for 14 days if they were coming from what New Mexico considered high-risk states. Now they are strongly advised to self-quarantine or get tested upon arrival.

Penalties for violation: None, as of Feb. 11, 2021

Testing guidelines: All visitors to New Mexico are strongly encouraged to get tested for COVID-19 after their arrival.

Important to know: Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham ordered a two-week lockdown (Nov. 16-30, 2020) to control the spread of COVID-19, then as of Dec. 2, 2020, the state began using a three-tiered county-by-county system (green, yellow, red) based on positive test rates. Those with rates under 5% for two weeks will have the least restrictions. Currently, only 4 of New Mexico’s 32 counties have not moved into the yellow and green zones that allow for a loosening of restrictions.

Face masks are mandated throughout the state. People who violate the policy face a $100 fine. Essential businesses remain open with social distancing and capacity restrictions. Most state parks remain closed to non-residents.

For more information: Visit Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham’s COVID-19 information page and Visit New Mexico’s traveler information page.

New York

New York City, March 2020. (Photo by Clint Henderson/The Points Guy)

Quarantine required: Travelers who live outside of New York or who have been outside of the state for more than 24 hours must quarantine for four days if the required testing is done (see below) and 10 days if testing is not done. This applies to all travelers to New York from any state other than New Jersey, Connecticut and Pennsylvania.

Conditions: Arriving passengers are required to fill out a self-declaration form, which is being distributed by airlines to passengers flying to New York State. Travelers who leave the airport without completing the form will be subject to a $10,000 fine and may be brought to a hearing and ordered to complete mandatory quarantine. Travelers coming to New York through other means of transport, including trains and cars, must fill out the form online.

New York quarantine traveler health forms. (Photo by Clint Henderson/The Points Guy)

Penalties for violation: Maximum fine is $10,000.

Testing guidelines: All travelers from states other than New Jersey, Connecticut and Pennsylvania must get tested within three days prior to landing in New York, quarantine for at least three days upon arrival and get a test on day four after arrival. If travelers receive a negative test on day four of quarantine, they may exit quarantine. Travelers returning to New York after being out of state for less than 24 hours must fill out the travel form and take a COVID-19 diagnostic test four days after their return. Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo also formed an agreement with Delta, British Airways and Virgin Atlantic to test all travelers on flights from London to New York after the emergence of the COVID-19 variant in the U.K. The CDC later announced all travelers arriving from the U.K. now require a negative COVID-19 test to board a flight and beginning Jan. 26, all travelers arriving on international flights to the U.S. will need to present a negative test.

Important to know: After being the epicenter of the coronavirus in spring 2020, New York had managed to keep its COVID-19 cases in check, but cases rose steadily from late November, peaking in mid-January 2021 and topping 1.6 million (with more than 47,000 deaths) as case counts began to decline in February 2021. However, health authorities recently identified a troubling new New York City variant that is feared to have a mutation that helps it dodge the immune system.

Many businesses and tourist sites are open in New York, but there are capacity and social-distancing restrictions. Masks are required in all indoor public spaces, mass transit and outdoors when social distancing isn’t possible. Indoor dining is allowed with capacity restrictions that differ by region (New York City restaurants returned to indoor dining at 25% capacity on Feb. 12, 2021). Restaurants and bars are required to close at 11 p.m. Many hotels are open, but Broadway theater, opera and ballet will not be allowed to reopen for now. Professional sporting events originally resumed without fans, but as of Feb. 23, 2021 stadiums and arenas are allowed to welcome fans at 10% capacity with required testing. Film production started back up and outdoor attractions such as zoos are open. Ski resorts were allowed to open on Nov. 6, 2020, with 50% indoor capacity and with strict health and safety protocols under state-issued guidance.

For more information: Visit the New York State Health Department COVID-19 page and Travel Advisory.

North Carolina

(Photo by Susanne Neumann / Getty Images)

Quarantine required: No

Penalties for violation: None

Testing guidelines: None

Important to know: North Carolina was paused in Phase 3, but with cases rising and more than 80% of the state’s counties in Red or Orange risk categories, Gov. Roy Cooper issued a Modified Stay at Home Order on Dec. 11, 2020, that was extended through late February. Easing of those restrictions has now begun. As of Feb. 26, 2021, restaurants, gyms and stores can remain open past 10 p.m., and restaurants and bars can sell alcohol until 11 p.m. Capacity for bars, movie theaters and smaller venues is now 30%, while gyms, restaurants, museums, pools and outdoor amusement parks can operate at 50% capacity and big indoor sporting and entertainment venues at 15% capacity.

Face coverings are required at all times while in public, both indoors and outdoors.

For more information: Visit the North Carolina COVID-19 hub.

George Washington and Travel

George Washington traveled extensively within the boundaries of the United States, though only went abroad once in his lifetime. Washington traversed through most of the new United States, stretching north to New England, south to Georgia, and as far west as the Ohio Valley. In the course of his travels Washington met a variety of people. He visited and lodged with people who spoke English, German, and several Native American languages. His accommodations and travels taught him much about the American people and their aspirations, as well as the variety and richness of the countryside.

George Washington took his first significant trip in 1748, when at the age of sixteen he was invited to accompany a surveying party to assess land in the western part of Virginia belonging to Thomas, Lord Fairfax. 1 For more than a decade following, as a surveyor and soldier, Washington moved throughout western lands located in the present-day states of Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. 2 Washington's 1759 marriage to Martha Dandridge Custis led to less constant travel, however his attendance at the twice-yearly sessions of the House of Burgesses provided more than a decade of experience navigating between Mount Vernon and Williamsburg. Washington began traveling again in the 1770s, beginning with a trip to the western lands with his friend, Dr. James Craik. 3

In 1774 and 1775 Washington visited Philadelphia as part of the Virginia delegation to the First and Second Continental Congresses. 4 As commander of the Continental Army between 1775 and 1783, Washington traveled throughout the land, stretching from Rhode Island to Yorktown, Virginia. Washington returned to Mount Vernon after the war, though he did visit the lands that he owned in the West in 1784.

Three years later Washington was enticed away from Mount Vernon, back to Philadelphia in 1787 to preside over the Constitutional Convention. 5 In 1789, Washington traveled to New York for his inauguration as the country's first president. Washington wanted to learn as much as he could about the United States and its people. As a result, he made three presidential tours: to New England in 1789, Long Island in 1790, and to the southern states in 1791. 6 Following his presidency Washington retired once more to Mount Vernon but was forced to leave for Philadelphia one last time in 1798 when war with France became a possibility. 7

Washington's diary indicates that he had a preferred travel routine. Washington tended to get an early start and then stop along the road at a tavern for breakfast. Continuing his journey, he would break again for dinner in the afternoon only to stop to rest during the evening. Washington liked to travel at a fairly quick pace, noting in his journal that his "usual travelling gate" was "5 Miles an hour." 8

In the latter part of Washington's life people along the route of his journeys frequently wanted to celebrate his arrivals and departures. The President's arrival in Annapolis, Maryland, during his Southern Tour was announced by the firing of fifteen guns, a greeting by the governor, and two official dinners—one at the governor's home and the other for the town’s citizens. 9 Shortly after Washington's retirement from the presidency his step-granddaughter Nelly described the trip home to Mount Vernon to a friend as being "tedious & fatiguing."

However, the family had clearly become adjusted to all the ceremony in their lives, accurately illustrating Washington's arc to social and political prominence: "We encountered no adventures of any kind, & saw nothing uncommon," Nelly explained, "except the light Horse of Delaware, & Maryland, who insisted upon attending us through their states, all the Inhabitants of Baltimore who came out to see, & be seen & to Welcome My Dear Grandpapa—some in carriages, some on Horseback, the others on foot." 10 The nature, extent, and reaction to Washington's travels changed, reflecting the larger shifts in his public life.

1. The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 1, ed. by Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, (Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 1976-1979), 1-23.

4. For Washington's activities during the 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses, see The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 3, 272-288, 327-36.

5. For the western trip, see The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 4, 1-71. For the Constitutional Convention, see The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 5, 153-87.

6. On Washington's New England Tour, see The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 5, 460-497. For his tours of Long Island and the Southern states, see The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 6, 62-7, 96-169.

7. For the trip home to Mount Vernon after his retirement, see The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 6, 236-9. For the trip to Philadelphia in 1798, see The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 6, 322-7.

8. See diary entry for 12 September 1784, in The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 4, 19.

9. Jackson & Twohig, The Diaries of George Washington, Vol. 6, 102n.

10. "Eleanor Parke Custis to Elizabeth Bordley, 18 March 1797," George Washington’s Beautiful Nelly: The Letters of Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis to Elizabeth Bordley Gibson, 1794-1851, ed. Patricia Brady (Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1991), 30-1.

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